FISHER'S LAW OFFICE NEWSLETTERS
Welcome to the NEWSLETTER of Fisher’s Law Office, providing you with legal information you can use in your everyday life. If you have questions about what you read in this newsletter, please call us today. ~ Click Here For PDF Version ~
In 2013 the Florida Legislature made substantial changes to Florida’s foreclosure statutes. One of the changes in the law deals with “deficiency judgements”.(A deficiency is the difference between the balance of the mortgage and how much a house sells for at a foreclosure sale). As of July 2013, a bank only has one year to sue for a deficiency judgement. (See F.S. section 95.11(5)(h)).
Banks have started pursuing deficiency judgements against homeowners who lose their homes in foreclosure by hiring outside collection law firms to sue homeowners for the balance owed after a foreclosure.
If you are sued for a deficiency remember: the bank only has one year from the date of the house sale on the court house steps to seek a deficiency. (See Florida Statute Section 95.11 (5) (h)).
Recommendation: If you are sued for a deficiency judgement after a foreclosure lawsuit you should seek legal counsel right away.
Although Florida does not have an income tax, it imposes special transfer tax on purchases of real estate.
Florida also imposes a tax on borrowing money for home mortgages.
So, if you buy a house and borrow the money to buy a house that costs $100,000, the total Florida tax is a little over 1%, or $1,050.00 for the two taxes.
If you borrow money and fail to pay it back and a loan is written off, you owe U.S. federal income tax on the forgiven or cancelled indebtedness.
Typically forgiven indebtedness results in the debtor receiving an IRS form “1099-C” which informs the debtor of the amount of income from the debt written off.
Under law you are required to pay income tax on any debts that are written off or cancelled under the theory that the cancellation of the debt results in income to the debtor. (See 26 USC section 108).
There are exceptions to the general rule of taxation of written off debts. One of them is that if you are “insolvent” at the time of the write off then you do not have to pay tax on the amount of the debt written off to the extent of your insolvency. (Insolvency is the difference between your assets and your liabilities.)
Moral to the story?
Practice hint: Use form 982 to claim an insolvency exemption on your taxes.
Based on the 24 year old Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a new class of Plaintiff’s is suing shops and restaurants of Florida for even the most minor violation of the ADA law.
In the famous case of Houston v Marod Supermarkets, 733 F3d 1323, the United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in 2013 that any store or shop could be sued by a “tester”- a professional plaintiff- even if the plaintiff isn't a customer.
You've been warned: bring your business into compliance with the Dept of Justice's ADA guidelines or subject yourself to a lawsuit.
Our client, a loving father, received lawsuit papers in which the mother of his child wanted to relocate with his daughter to a far away state with a man she had recently married.
Our client and his parents were in a panic. If the relocation was allowed they were afraid they would never see the little girl again.
We looked at the situation and the relevant statute, Florida Statute section 61.13001 and realized our client could show the court the move was against his daughter's best interests.
We hired a psychologist who met with the child and her father's family. The psychologist wrote a report to present to the judge and came to the trial to testify.
A trial took place in Tampa before a Circuit Court Judge that lasted a half day.
During the hearing it came out that the women knew very little about the new area where the child would live and had never visited her daughter's new school.
She also had an unstable lifestyle as an exotic dancer and she had moved often in the last few years creating anxiety and instability in her daughter's life.
Meanwhile the father, our client, was current on his child support, provided health insurance for the child, lived in a stable home with his parents on a farm and was positive influence in his daughter's life.
The court reviewed all of the factors contained in Florida Statute Section 61.13001 including:
In our case a school psychologist testified that the child did not want to leave her father's family in Tampa and that the little girl enjoyed the company of her father and her father’s family including her grandparents, her pet cow, and her pet dog Rocco.
Result? The court denied the relocation and our client was very happy.
Many of our clients who did not obtain health insurance as required by law on January 1, 2014 have asked us what will happen to them.
The answer is that they must start paying tax penalties on their 2014 tax return.
The penalty is 1% of income or $95.00 whichever is greater.
In 2015 the penalty increases substantially going to 2% of all of your income or $325.00, whichever is greater.
In 2016 things get very expensive; the penalty is 2.5% of income or a minimum of $695.00, whichever is greater.
For an individual making $75,000.00 per year, the 2.5% penalty is equal to $1,875.00.
There are many ways you can be charged with a crime for committing fraud in Florida. Here are some examples: